Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is important for a woman during her childbearing years. A woman is born with a lifetime supply of about 1 million eggs. AMH is secreted by cells in developing egg sacs called follicles, and an AMH test is generally a good indicator of her ovarian reserve - i.e. the number of remaining eggs. AMH does not change during your menstrual cycle, so the blood sample can be taken at any time of the month - even while you are using oral contraception.
Studies have shown that an AMH test is useful in determining a woman's remaining egg maturation potential (ovarian reserve) and her likelihood of conceiving. AMH declines over time during childbearing years, drops significantly as menopause approaches, and typically becomes undetectable after menopause. Determining the AMH level is useful in evaluating a woman's current fertility status and may predict the onset of menopause.
Elevated AMH test results have been associated with a condition affecting the ovaries known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
During a woman's childbearing years, a decreased AMH test result may indicate low ovarian reserve with diminishing fertility, and can also indicate premature ovarian failure.
An increased level of AMH is often seen with PCOS. A decreasing level and/or significant decline in AMH may signal the imminent onset of menopause.
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is a hormone secreted by cells in developing egg sacs (follicles).
This test can be completed on any day of the menstrual cycle.
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